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Maktablarda shakar ichish taqiqlangan

Maktablarda shakar ichish taqiqlangan


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Portlend, Meyn soda va Kolorado maktablari sport ichimliklariga o'tishni taqiqlaydi

Gazlangan gazlar, gazlangan ichimliklar uchun soliqlar va sport ichimliklar bo'yicha bahslar 2012 yilning yozida qizg'in mavzu bo'lib kelgan va kuzda pasayish alomatlarini ko'rsatmaydi. Meyn shtatining Portlend shtati, Kolorado shtatining Grand Junction shahridagi sodali suv va maktablarni sotish bo'yicha umumiy umumta'lim maktabi e'lonini e'lon qildi.

Maktab mulkiga shakarli ichimliklar sotishni taqiqlash yangi tendentsiya emas, lekin ko'pchilik davlat maktablari sodali suv konglomeratlaridan subsidiya oladigan mamlakatda bu dadil qadam. Talabalar, xodimlar va tashrif buyuruvchilar maktab hududida yoki maktab homiyligida o'tkaziladigan tadbirlarda yoki ekskursiyalarda shirin ichimliklar yoki oziq -ovqat sotib ololmaydilar. Bu shuni anglatadiki, futbol o'yinida koks qutilari va PTA pishiriqlari sotilmaydi. Portlend maktablarining jamoat salomatligi bo'yicha muvofiqlashtiruvchisi Chandra Tyorner The Portland Press Herald nashriga bergan intervyusida, "siyosat o'quvchi yoki o'qituvchiga maktabga soda olib kelishiga to'sqinlik qilmaydi. Ular shunchaki mashinadan sotib ololmaydilar ».

Kolorado shtatining 51 -tumanidagi maktablar maktab mulkiga sotiladigan gazlangan ichimliklar miqdorini kamaytirish uchun boshqacha yondashmoqda; ular barcha sodali suvni olib tashlaydilar va ularni sport ichimliklar bilan almashtiradilar. Ota -onalar va bolalar, umuman olganda, olib tashlashni qo'llab -quvvatladilar. Ota -onalardan biri mahalliy yangiliklar kanaliga shunday dedi: "Hamma narsa sodadan yaxshiroq, shuning uchun aytamanki, sport ichimliklar gazlanganidan ko'ra yaxshiroqdir". Bu sport ichimliklar barcha talabalar uchun mavjud bo'ladi degani emas. Boshlang'ich maktablar faqat sut va suv bilan ta'minlaydilar, o'rta maktab o'quvchilari sharbatdan foydalanishlari mumkin, o'rta maktab o'quvchilari V8, vitaminli suv yoki Powerade sotib olishlari mumkin. Shtat bir necha yil oldin shtat maktablaridan yuqori kaloriyali ichimliklarni olib tashlashni buyurgan bo'lsa -da, ko'plab maktablar hali o'zgarishlarni amalga oshirmagan.


Nyu -Yorkda sodali suvni taqiqlash rad etildi: alkogolsiz ichimliklar siz uchun yaxshimi?

Mayor Bloomberg sodali suv, alkogolsiz ichimliklar va shakarli ichimliklar va rsquo sog'liq uchun xavf haqida nima deydi? Uning Nyu -York shahridagi "Big Sodas" ni taqiqlashi zanjabil qutisidan qutulib ketdi. Ammo odamlar hali ham hayron bo'lishmoqda: bu shirin ichimliklar biz uchun foydali degani emasmi?

Shtat va rsquos oliy sudi shaharni qayta tiklashni rad etdi va bir yil oldin, shu yilning iyun oyida jumbo -shirin ichimliklar savdosiga cheklovlar qo'ydi, bu hukumatlar semirish bilan bog'liq ichimliklar va oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarini iste'mol qilishni cheklashni istagan sog'liqni saqlash himoyachilarining umidlarini puchga chiqardi.

Ammo Bloomberg va soda abadiy bog'langan bo'ladi. U jamoat salomatligi uchun kurash olib bordi va mahsulotlarini abadiy ifloslanishidan qo'rqib, kuchli ichimlik kompaniyalarini qizil ogohlantirishga oldi. Bu tortishuv, shuningdek, soda iste'moli va shakarli ichimliklar va sog'liq uchun xavf haqida global munozaraga sabab bo'ldi.


Xushbo'y sut tarkibidagi shakar miqdori yuqori

Xushbo'y sut odatda yuqori shakar tarkibiga ega. Manba: Shutterstock

"Bolalikdagi semirish - AQShda tez yomonlashib borayotgan epidemiya", deyiladi tadqiqotlardan birida.

Sog'liqni saqlash boshqarmasidan iqtibos keltirib, CBS Nyu -York har 10 boshlang'ich maktab o'quvchisining to'rttasi ortiqcha vazn yoki semirib ketganligini ta'kidladi.

"Bo'lim bir muncha vaqtdan beri o'z veb -saytida kuniga ikki marta shokoladli sut ichadigan bolalar har hafta taxminan 80 gramm shakar iste'mol qilishini e'lon qilib, taqiqni yoqlab kelgan. Bu yiliga olti funtgacha shakar qo'shadi ”, - deyiladi hisobotda.

Ayni paytda, xabarlarga ko'ra, xushbo'y sutning ba'zi markalarida sodaga qaraganda ko'proq shakar bor. Avstraliyada LiveLighter tomonidan o'tkazilgan tahlil shuni ko'rsatdiki, 90 dan ortiq sovutilgan sutli sut suti bir kundan ko'proq vaqt davomida shakar qo'shilgan.

LiveLighter kampaniyasi menejeri va ro'yxatdan o'tgan diyetisyen Alison Makalining so'zlariga ko'ra: “Do'konda sotiladigan xushbo'y sutli ichimliklar hajmini hisobga olsak, siz bitta ichimlikda to'qqiz choy qoshiqdan ko'proq shakar qo'shgan bo'lishingiz mumkin - bu deyarli kola qutisi. "

Jahon sog'liqni saqlash tashkiloti (JSST) kuniga olti choy qoshiqdan (25 gramm) ko'p bo'lmagan shakar qo'shishni tavsiya qiladi.

"Siz o'zingizni sog'ish uchun hech qachon to'qqiz choy qoshiq shakar qo'sha olmaysiz, shuning uchun bu ichimliklar tarkibidagi shakar miqdorini tushunish iste'molchilarni ogohlantiruvchi qo'ng'iroq bo'lib, odatlarning o'zgarishiga yordam berishi kerak. Ko'plab ishchilar va talabalar uchun ertalabki choy, eng yaqin do'konda yoki muzli qahva yoki shokoladli sut uchun servoda to'xtashni o'z ichiga oladi.

"Bu ichimliklar oddiy variantdek tuyulishi mumkin, lekin biz odamlarga shuni aytishimiz kerakki, ular bitta ichimlik bilan kun bo'yi shakarni qaytarib olishlari mumkin", dedi u.

Tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatdiki, shakarni ko'p iste'mol qilish, shu jumladan ichimliklar, erta o'lim xavfining oshishi bilan bog'liq.

Jahon sog'liqni saqlash tashkiloti ta'kidlashicha, "yuqumli bo'lmagan kasalliklar dunyodagi o'limning asosiy sababidir: 2017 yilda 56 million o'limning 41 millionga yaqini (73 foizi)". "Nosog'lom ovqatlanish va jismoniy harakatsizlik kabi o'zgarishi mumkin bo'lgan xavf omillari NKHlarning eng ko'p uchraydigan sabablari, shu jumladan semirish", deb qo'shimcha qilishdi.


Jamoat salomatligi tashvishlari: shakarli ichimliklar

Amerikaliklar shirin ichimliklardan har kuni o'rtacha 200 kaloriyadan ko'proq iste'mol qiladilar (58,59) - 1965 yilda iste'mol qilinganidan to'rt barobar ko'p (60) va kuchli dalillar bizning "suyuq konfet" ga chanqoqligimizning oshishiga katta hissa qo'shganligini ko'rsatadi. semizlik va diabet epidemiyasi. (41,46,52-54,61)

Shakar ichimliklarga qarshi choralar ko'rish

Tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, shirin ichimliklar semirish va qandli diabetni aniqlovchi asosiy omillardan biri bo'lib, paydo bo'layotgan dalillar shuni ko'rsatadiki, shakarli ichimliklarni ko'p iste'mol qilish AQShda erkaklar va ayollarning birinchi qotili bo'lgan yurak xastaliklari xavfini oshiradi.

Shirin ichimliklarga bo'lgan afzalligimizni kamaytirish uchun bir qancha darajalarda - oziq -ovqat mahsulotlari bilan shug'ullanadigan ijodkor olimlar va ichimliklar sohasidagi sotuvchilar, shuningdek, individual iste'molchilar va oilalar, maktablar va ish joylari, shtat va federal hukumat tomonidan kelishilgan harakatlar talab qilinadi.

Biz bu munosib va ​​favqulodda sabab uchun birgalikda harakat qilishimiz kerak: Qo'shma Shtatlarda semirish va diabet epidemiyasi bilan bog'liq surunkali kasalliklarning narxini va yukini engillashtirish.

Mana bu guruhlarning har biri muammoni hal qilish uchun bajarishi mumkin bo'lgan qadamlar:

Ichimlik ishlab chiqaruvchilari: Shakari kamroq bo'lgan ichimliklar yarating.

Ichimlik ishlab chiqaruvchilar, shirinroq bo'lmagan ichimliklar ishlab chiqarish orqali, har bir odamning sog'lom turmush tarzini osonlashtirishi mumkin. Yaxshi maqsad: untsiya 1 grammdan ko'p bo'lmagan shakar bo'lgan va kaloriyasiz tatlandırıcılardan (masalan, sukraloza, aspartam yoki steviya) ega bo'lmagan ichimliklar. Bu oddiy alkogolsiz ichimlikdan 70 foizga kam shakar.

Biz, shuningdek, ichimliklar ishlab chiqaruvchilarini bir martalik (8 untsiya) shakarli ichimliklar taklif qilishni taklif qilamiz va ularning kanallarini ushbu kichikroq idishlarni saqlashga undaymiz. Agar siz "Nutrition Facts" yorlig'idagi nozik nashrni o'qib chiqsangiz, standart ichimlik miqdori 8 untsiya va har 20 grammli shisha 2,5 portsiyadan iborat ekanligini ko'rasiz.

Shaxslar: sog'lom ichishni shaxsiy ustuvor vazifangizga aylantiring.

Kam yoki kaloriya bo'lmagan ichimliklarni tanlashdan boshlang. Suv eng yaxshisidir.

  • Oziq-ovqat kompaniyalaridan iste'molchilarga xizmat ko'rsatish raqamlariga qo'ng'iroq qilib yoki ularga o'z veb-saytidagi izoh shakllarida xabar yuborib, shakar kamaytirilgan ichimliklar ishlab chiqarishni so'rang.
  • Maktablar va ish joylaridan filtrlangan suv yoki ishlaydigan favvoralarni taklif qilishlarini so'rang.
  • Kichikroq porsiyani tanlashni osonlashtirish uchun mahalliy do'konlaringiz, maktablaringiz va ish joylaringizdan 8-untsiya yoki 12-unsiyali shakarli ichimliklar olib keling.

Shuningdek, dietali ichimliklar va semirish o'rtasidagi bog'liqlik haqidagi savollarga javob berilmaganligi sababli o'zingizni sun'iy tatlandırıcılardan ajratish oqilona bo'ladi.

Oila uchun oziq -ovqat xaridorlari: uyda shakarli ichimliklar saqlamang.

Umumjahon ma'lumotlari shuni ko'rsatadiki, bolalar va o'smirlar shakar kaloriyalarining ko'pini uyda ichishadi, shuning uchun ota -onalar bolalarga uyda sodali suv, meva yoki boshqa shakarli ichimliklar saqlamasliklari va ularni har kungi ichimlik emas, vaqti -vaqti bilan berishlari mumkin. .

Maktablar va ish joylari: talabalar va ishchilarga sog'lom ichimliklarni tanlashni taklif qiling.

Maktab va ish joylari uchun sog'lom tanlovlar orasida suv va shakar miqdori kamaytirilgan ichimliklar, shuningdek, bir martalik yoki 12 unli idishlar mavjud. Maktablar va ish joylari, shuningdek, ular ishlayotgan suv buloqlari yoki filtrlangan suv borligiga ishonch hosil qilishlari kerak.

Hukumat: shakarli ichimliklar va shakar qoldiqlarini yaxshiroq etiketkalashni talab qiling.

FDA kompaniyalardan ichimliklar idishlari oldida har bir shisha uchun kaloriya miqdorini yoki xizmat ko'rsatish uchun emas, balki ro'yxatini yozishni talab qilishi kerak. Shuningdek, shakar miqdori past bo'lgan ichimliklar uchun yangi markirovka toifasini yaratish masalasini ko'rib chiqish kerak.

Amaldagi etiketkalash qoidalariga ko'ra, ichimlik "standart shakarga qaraganda 25 % kamroq kaloriya bo'lsa" "kamaytirilgan shakar" sifatida sotilishi mumkin. (62)

Kam shakarli ichimliklar uchun eng yaxshi chegara untsiya uchun 1 gramm shakar bo'ladi, bu oddiy alkogolsiz ichimlikdan taxminan 70 foiz kam shakar. Shakar qo'shilgan ichimliklar, 50 grammdan ortiq, 8 gramlik porsiyada, semizlik va diabet haqida ogohlantiruvchi yorliq bo'lishi kerak.

Hukumat: sodali soliqni amalga oshirish.

Shakarlangan ichimliklar oziq -ovqat tamg'asi dasturi bo'yicha oziq -ovqat toifasiga kiradi va shuning uchun ba'zi shtatlarda soliqqa tortilmaydi. Yel tadqiqotchisi Kelli Braunell gazli ichimliklar tarkibidagi gazli ichimliklar uchun soliqqa tortish borasida jiddiy dalillar keltiradi Yangi Angliya tibbiyot jurnali. (63) Shakarlangan ichimliklar ozuqaviy qiymatga ega emasligi va iste'molchi uchun sog'liq uchun xavf tug'dirishi sababli, ko'pchilik sog'liqni saqlash tarafdorlari ularni sigaret yoki spirtli ichimliklar kabi soliqqa tortish mantiqan, deb ta'kidlaydilar.

Hukumat: bolalarga marketingni tartibga solish.

Kam ta'minlangan aholiga mo'ljallangan bolalarga mo'ljallangan shirin ichimliklar reklamasini televizor, internet yoki boshqa ommaviy axborot vositalari orqali tartibga solish iste'molni kamaytirishning muhim strategiyasidir.

AQShning shirin ichimliklarni taqiqlash tashabbusi

Nyu -York shahri

2012 yil iyun oyida Nyu -York shahri meri Maykl Blumberg 8 untsiya untsiya uchun 25 kaloriyadan oshadigan shakar bilan shirinlangan ichimliklarni taqiqlashni taklif qildi. Taqiq 16 untsiyadan katta "super o'lchamli" gazlangan ichimliklarga ta'sir qiladi. Shahar hokimi o'zining taklif qilgan taqiqida semirib ketishning hayratlanarli tezligini keltirdi. Ko'plab sog'liqni saqlash xodimlari va sog'liqni saqlash xodimlari meri semirishga katta hissa qo'shgan sodali suvga qarshi kurashda qo'llab -quvvatladilar. Boshqalar esa, odamlar ichimlik tanlovi va sog'lig'i uchun shaxsiy javobgarlikni o'z zimmalariga olishlari kerak, va tartibga solish samarasiz bo'ladi, chunki ko'p miqdordagi sodali suvni hali ham bir nechta kichik idishlarda sotib olish mumkin, va soda taqiqlanishi barcha sotuvchilarga ta'sir qilmaydi. Masalan, taqiq faqat kinoteatrlar, tez ovqatlanish korxonalari va yuk mashinalariga tegishli bo'lgani uchun, xaridor har qanday oziq -ovqat do'konidan yoki oziq -ovqat do'konidan katta hajmli sodali suv sotib olishi mumkin edi.

2012 yilning yozida va kuzida Bloomberg gazli ichimliklarni taqiqlash haqidagi bahslar davom etdi. Iyul oyida taqiqning noroziligi - ko'pchilik yirik gazlangan ichimliklar ichayotganda - City Hall parkida yurish qilishdi. Nyu -York Sog'liqni Saqlash Kengashi Bloombergning rejasini ma'qulladi va yangi qoidalar 2013 yil mart oyida kuchga kirishi kerak edi, ammo bu orada ichimliklar sanoati va ko'plab restoran egalari sudga murojaat qilishdi. Taklif etilgan qonun keyinchalik 2013 yil mart oyida sudda bekor qilindi va shahar meri Bloombergning apellyatsiyasi 2013 yil 30 iyulda davlat apellyatsiya sudlari tomonidan rad etildi.

Katta shakarli ichimliklarni taqiqlash va undan keyingi munozaralar semizlik va kasallik xavfini oshirishi isbotlangan oziq -ovqat va ichimliklar bilan bog'liq ko'plab sog'liqni saqlash masalalarini keltirib chiqaradi. Skeptiklar, Bloomberg kabi taqiqlarning individual ovqatlanish bilan bog'liq qarorlar qabul qilish huquqidan mahrum bo'lishidan qo'rqishadi. Ba'zilar ishonishicha, bu huquqdan mahrum bo'lish, katta gazlangan ichimliklar kabi nosog'lom narsalarga haddan tashqari e'tiborni qaratib, ularni olib qo'yishdan oldin, sotib olish chayqalishiga olib kelishi mumkin.

Bu qarama -qarshilikka qaramay, katta shakarli ichimliklar savdosini cheklash sog'likka katta foyda keltirishi mumkin. Shakarlangan shirin ichimliklar semirib ketish va 2 -toifa diabet kabi sog'liq uchun xavf bilan bog'liq. Yangi tadqiqotlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, shakarlangan ichimliklar iste'mol qilish semirishning genetik xavfini ham oshiradi. Biz bu kabi taqiqlarni qo'llab -quvvatlaymiz, chunki semizlik epidemiyasi odamlarning sog'lig'iga jiddiy zarar etkazadi va jamiyatimizning sog'liqni saqlash kabi jihatlariga ham ijtimoiy, ham iqtisodiy katta yuk yuklaydi. Semirib ketish va kasallik xavfini oshirishi isbotlangan oziq -ovqat va ichimliklarga kirishni cheklab, individual iste'molchilar bu mahsulotlarni kamroq sotib olishlari mumkin va buning o'rniga sog'lom oziq -ovqat va ichimliklarga o'tishlari mumkin.

Bostondagi semirib ketish darajasini pasaytirish maqsadida shahar hokimi Tomas Menino shahardagi binolardan va shahar homiylik qiladigan tadbirlardan shakarli ichimliklar sotish va reklama qilishni taqiqladi.

  • 2011 yilda imzolangan ijroiya buyrug'iga binoan, shahar bo'linmalari o'z avtomatlari, bufetlari va imtiyozlaridan oddiy gazlangan ichimliklar, sport ichimliklar va boshqa yuqori shakarli ichimliklarni chiqarib tashlashni talab qiladi. (64)
  • O'z o'rnida shahar sog'lom ichimlik variantlarini taklif qiladi - ular orasida suv, xushbo'y seltser, shakarsiz qahva va choy va dietali ichimliklar.
  • Avtomatlar logotiplaridan tortib, tadbirlarda bannerlargacha, shirin ichimliklar savdosi ham taqiqlanadi.

2004 yilda oddiy maktab avtomatlaridan sodali suv va arzimas taomlarni taqiqlagan Boston ichimliklarni taqiqlashga qarshi kurashda yolg'iz emas.

  • Bostondagi Karni kasalxonasi ham 2011 yilda shifoxona hududida yuqori shakarli ichimliklarni taqiqlashini e'lon qilgan va bu shahardagi birinchi kasalxonaga aylangan. (65)
  • Klivlend klinikasi 2010 yil avgust oyida o'z avtomatlari va bufetlaridan yuqori shakarli ichimliklarni taqiqladi. [66]
  • San -Frantsisko, (67) Los -Anjeles okrugi, (68) va boshqa shaharlar, shuningdek, munitsipal mulkda shakarli ichimliklar savdosini cheklab qo'ydi.

Bu taqiqlarning maqsadi - sog'lom ichimliklarni oson tanlash va har yili ichimliklar ishlab chiqaruvchilarining alkogolsiz ichimliklar savdosiga sarflaydigan milliardlab dollarlarga qarshi turish. Bu amerikaliklar shakarga boy ichimliklarga bo'lgan ta'mini cheklashlari kerak bo'lgan ekologik yordamning bir turi, deydi sog'liqni saqlash mutaxassislari va o'z navbatida, semirish epidemiyasini jilovlashlari mumkin.

"So'nggi 40 yil ichida sodali suv iste'molining katta o'sishi Amerikadagi semizlik epidemiyasining eng muhim omili ekanligi to'g'risida ko'plab dalillar mavjud", deydi doktor Uolter Uillett, Garvard sog'liqni saqlash maktabining ovqatlanish bo'limi kafedrasi mudiri. sodali suvni taqiqlash to'g'risidagi e'londa meri Meninoga qo'shildi. "Bu qadamlar sog'lom ichimliklar afzalroq bo'lgan yangi ijtimoiy me'yorni yaratishga katta yordam beradi."

Shuningdek, shahar iste'molchilarga shakar va ozuqaviy tarkibga ko'ra sog'lom ichimliklarni tanlashda yordam berish uchun "svetofor" uslubidagi reklama kampaniyasini o'tkazdi. Ichkiliklarni "qizil" (chegara), "sariq" (vaqti -vaqti bilan ichish) va "yashil" (eng yaxshi tanlov) toifalariga ajratadigan kampaniya, Garvard maktabi tomonidan ishlab chiqilgan "Qanday shirin" ichimlik ko'rsatmalariga o'xshaydi. Jamoat sog'lig'ining ovqatlanish bo'limi 2009 y.

Boston ’s svetoforining broshyurasi va sog'lom ichimliklarni tanlash bo'yicha plakatga qarang.

Manbalar

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52. Schulze MB, Manson JE, Lyudvig DS va boshqalar. Yosh va o'rta yoshli ayollarda shakarli ichimliklar, vaznning ko'payishi va 2-toifa diabet kasalligi. JAMA. 2004292:927-34.
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54. Malik VS, Schulze MB, Xu FB. Shakarlangan ichimliklarni qabul qilish va vazn ortishi: tizimli tahlil. Am J Klin Nutr. 200684: 274-88. 58. Vang YC, Bleich SN, Gortmaker SL. AQSh bolalar va o'smirlari orasida shakar-shirin ichimliklar va 100% meva sharbatlarining kaloriyali hissasini ko'paytirish, 1988-2004 yillar. Pediatriya. 2008121: e1604-14.
59. Bleich SN, Vang YC, Vang Y, Gortmaker SL. AQSh kattalari orasida shakar bilan shirin ichimliklar iste'molining ko'payishi: 1988-1994 yildan 1999-2004 yillargacha. Am J Klin Nutr. 200989:372-81.
60. Duffey KJ, Popkin BM. 1965-2002 yillar oralig'ida ichimliklar modellari va iste'molidagi o'zgarishlar. Semirib ketish (kumush buloq). 200715:2739-47.
61. Malik VS, Willett WC, Xu FB. Bolalar va o'smirlardagi shakarli ichimliklar va BMI: metanaliz reanalizlari. Am J Klin Nutr. 200989: 438-9 muallif javob 9-40.
62. Milliy arxivlar va yozuvlar boshqarmasining Federal reestr idorasi. Federal qoidalarning elektron kodeksi. 21 -sarlavha: Oziq -ovqat va dorilar. 101 -qism: Oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarini etiketlash. D. Bo'lim D. Ozuqa moddalari bo'yicha da'volar uchun maxsus talablar. 101.60 Oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarining kaloriya tarkibiga da'vogarlar.
63. Brownell KD, Friden TR. Shakarlangan ichimliklar uchun soliqlarning oldini olish va davlat siyosati. N Engl J Med. 2009360:1805-8.
64. Shahar meri Tomas Menino ijro buyrug'i. Sog'lom ichimliklar variantlariga tegishli buyurtma (PDF). 2011 yil 7 aprel.
65. Business Wire. Press -reliz: Karni shifoxonasi shakarli shirin ichimliklar sotilishini taqiqlaydi. 2011 yil 7 aprel.
66. Klivlend klinikasi. Biz kimmiz va nima qilamiz: sog'lomlashtirish xronologiyasi. Salomatlik instituti haqida.
67. Shahar hokimi idorasi Gavin Newsom. Shahar va San -Frantsisko okrugi. 10-01 Ijroiya Direktivi: Avtomatlarda sog'lom ovqatlanish va ichimliklar variantlari.
68. Los -Anjeles okrugi kuzatuvchilar kengashi. Los -Anjeles okrugining oziq -ovqat siyosati. Avtomatlar, mablag 'yig'ish va tuman homiyligidagi uchrashuvlar. Kuzatuvchilar kengashi tomonidan 2006 yil 8 avgustda tasdiqlangan va 2009 yil 18 avgustda o'zgartirilgan.

Foydalanish shartlari

Ushbu veb -sayt mazmuni ta'lim maqsadlari uchun mo'ljallangan va shaxsiy tibbiy maslahat berish uchun mo'ljallanmagan. Agar sizda biron bir savol bo'lsa, siz shifokor yoki boshqa malakali tibbiy yordam ko'rsatuvchi bilan maslahatlashishingiz kerak. Hech qachon professional veb -sayt tavsiyalarini e'tiborsiz qoldirmang yoki ushbu veb -saytda o'qiganingiz uchun uni kechiktirmang. Oziqlanish manbasi hech qanday mahsulotni tavsiya qilmaydi va tasdiqlamaydi.


Shishachilar maktabda shirin ichimliklar taqiqlanishiga rozi

Mamlakat va#x27-ning eng yaxshi uchta alkogolsiz ichimliklar ishlab chiqaruvchi kompaniyalari kecha e'lon qilishlaricha, kuzning boshidan buyon sudlar va davlat qonunchiligi tahdidiga javoban maktab bufetlari va avtomatlardan kola, Pepsi va muzli choy kabi shirin ichimliklarni olib tashlash boshlanadi.

Ichimlik ishlab chiqaruvchilar va sog'liqni saqlash himoyachilari o'rtasidagi kelishuvga ko'ra, boshlang'ich maktab o'quvchilariga faqat shisha suv, kam yog'li va yog'siz sut va 100 foiz meva sharbati sakkiz gramdan ko'p bo'lmagan porsiyalarda beriladi. O'rta maktabda xizmat ko'rsatish hajmi 10 grammgacha ko'tariladi. O'rta maktabda kam kaloriyali sharbatli ichimliklar, sport ichimliklar va dietali gazlangan ichimliklar 12 untsiya bilan cheklanishi mumkin.

Paroxial va xususiy maktablar shartnomalarini o'z ichiga olgan shartnoma ixtiyoriydir va ichimliklar sanoati uning maktab savdosiga ta'sir qilmasligini aytdi, chunki u shirin ichimliklarni boshqa ichimliklar bilan almashtirishi kutilmoqda.

& quot; Bu ixtiyoriy siyosat, lekin menimcha, maktablar unga amal qilishni xohlaydilar, & quot; deydi Amerika ichimliklar assotsiatsiyasi prezidenti Syuzan K. Nili.

Shunga qaramay, jamoaviy maktab o'quvchilarining 35 millionga yaqini guruhning mashg'ulotlari kabi kengaytirilgan maktab vazifalariga taalluqli, lekin kechki o'yinlar yoki maktablararo sport kabi ota -onalar ishtirok etadigan tadbirlarga taalluqli emas. Qo'shimcha 15 million o'quvchi ko'rsatmalar qat'iy qo'llanilmagan maktablarda o'qiydi.

Masalan, o'tgan hafta, Konnektikut, barcha gazlangan gazli ichimliklarni, jumladan, Gatorade kabi sport ichimliklarini, Nyu-York maktablarida, faqat yog'siz sut, suv va 100 foiz meva sharbatiga ruxsat berdi-bu Snapple bilan eksklyuziv shartnoma asosida sotiladi. .

Maktablar va shishachilar o'rtasidagi shartnomalar bitim bo'yicha yangilanadi va o'zgarishlar keyingi o'quv yilidan oldin kuchga kirmaydi.

Shartnoma Uilyam J. Klinton jamg'armasi va Amerika yurak assotsiatsiyasi o'rtasidagi hamkorlikda "Sog'lom avlod uchun alyans" vositachiligida amalga oshirildi. Bu, agar kelishuvga erishilmasa, sudga berish bilan tahdid qilgan advokatlik guruhi, advokatlar koalitsiyasi va "Jamiyat manfaatlari uchun fan markazi" bilan muzokara olib borgan kelishuvga o'xshaydi. Shartlarni uchta yirik alkogolsiz ichimliklar kompaniyasi qabul qildi, ular Coca-Cola, PepsiCo Inc. va Cadbury Schweppes (mahsulotlarida doktor Pepper va Snapple kiradi), ular birgalikda maktab savdosining 90 foizidan ko'pini nazorat qiladi.

Harlemdagi ofisida o'tkazilgan matbuot anjumanida janob Klinton ichimliklar sanoatini past kaloriyali ichimliklarga o'tishga rozilik bildirgan. Semizlikni prezidentlikdan keyingi kun tartibining asosiy muammosiga aylantirgan janob Klintonga Arkanzas gubernatori Mayk Xakabi qo'shildi, u fitnesning faol tarafdori.

Kechqurun janob Klinton bu kelishuvga turtki bo'lgan da'volar tahdididan ko'proq ekanligini aytdi.

& quot; Biz ular bilan oylar va oylar davomida gaplashardik, va ehtimol ular biz bilan ishlash uslubimizni yoqtirgan bo'lishi mumkin, ularni alohida ajratib qo'ymaymiz, - dedi u telefon orqali intervyusida. & quot; Men buni sud jarayonisiz qilganimizdan va jarayonni tezlashtirganimizdan xursandman. & quot

Shartnoma to'liq kuchga kirishi uchun uch yil kerak bo'ladi. Sanoat 2007 yildan boshlangan har bir o'quv yili oxirida kelishuvni bajarish borasidagi yutuqlarni oshkor qilishga kelishib oldi. Yangi standartlar maktablarning 75 foizida 2008 yilning yoziga qadar va hammasi 2009 yilgacha joriy etilishi kutilmoqda. Dasturning muvaffaqiyati maktablarning mavjud shartnomalarga o'zgartirish kiritish istagiga bog'liq, dedi sanoat vakillari.

Pepsi Bottling Group, Pepsi 'sning eng yirik shishachisi bilan tuzilgan maktab shartnomalarining aksariyati 3-5 yilga tuzilgan, dedi Pepsi maktablarni o'z shartnomalarini qayta ko'rib chiqishga undaydi.

"Biz bu yangi siyosatni e'lon qilishda o'z hissamizni qo'shmoqdamiz", dedi u.

Qo'shma Shtatlarda umumiy ichimlik iste'molini aks ettiruvchi, shisha suv va sport ichimliklari so'nggi yillarda maktablarda tobora ommalashib bormoqda. Ammo avgust oyida o'tkazilgan so'rovnomada Amerika ichimliklar assotsiatsiyasi maktab savdosining 45 foizi shirin sodali suv ekanligini aytdi.

Alkogolsiz ichimliklar sanoati shartnoma bo'yicha muzokara olib borayotganda, xuddi shunday kelishuvni Jamiyat manfaatlari fanlari markazi va tamaki kompaniyalarini muvaffaqiyatli sudga bergan advokatlar guruhi bilan muhokama qilar edi.

Richard A. Daynard, Shimoliy-Sharqiy universiteti huquqshunoslik fakulteti dekani dotsenti, tamaki bilan kurashish faxriysi, bu kelishuvni & quot; semirib ketish bo'yicha sudlashuv strategiyasining birinchi yirik g'alabasi & quot; deb atadi.

"Bu sodir bo'lardi, lekin sud jarayoni xavfi uchun", dedi professor Daynard.

Spirtli ichimliklar sanoati rasmiylari advokatlar bilan muzokaralarni tan olishdi, lekin boshqa izoh berishmadi.

Doktor Maykl Jeykobson, Jamiyat manfaatlari uchun fan markazi ijrochi direktori, bu kelishuvni olqishladi, lekin shunday dedi: "Men Gatoradalar va dietali alkogolsiz ichimliklardan butunlay voz kechishni xohlayman."

Parhezshunoslar va ota -onalar guruhlari sotuvni cheklash uchun maktablar va ichimliklar sanoatiga bir muddat bosim o'tkazdilar. Bir nechta shtatlar, jumladan Kaliforniya va ba'zi mahalliy maktab tumanlari alkogolsiz ichimliklar sotishni taqiqlagan, boshqa shtatlar ham xuddi shunday choralarni ko'rmoqda. Bunga javoban, o'tgan yili ichimliklar assotsiatsiyasi maktablarda alkogolsiz ichimliklar sotilishini kamaytiradigan siyosatni e'lon qildi. Ammo tanqidchilar bu rejani amalga oshirish mumkin emasligini aytishdi.

Gari Ruskin, "Commercial Alert" jamoat salomatligi bo'yicha notijorat guruhining ijrochi direktori, yangi bitim xuddi shunday muammoga duch kelishi mumkinligini aytdi. Janob Ruskin ham buni tanqid qildi, chunki u maktablarda alkogolsiz ichimliklar reklamasi bilan shug'ullanmagan va shishachilar Birinchi kanalda reklamani to'xtatmagan, bu kuniga etti million maktab o'quvchisiga ko'rsatiladi.

Janob Klintonning aytishicha, bolalik davrida semirish haqida hali juda ko'p ishlar qilish kerak.

& quot; Siz bu muammoning bitta sababini ajratolmaysiz & quot. & quotAgar 8 yoshli bola kuniga 45 kaloriya kam iste'mol qilsa, u maktabga borganida og'irligi 20 kilogrammga kam bo'lardi.


Pandemiya semizlikka qarshi kurashish qarorini kuchaytirdi.

Bo'rilar ko'chasi uchun Nik Korbishli:

O'tgan yilning oktyabr oyida Meksika hukumati oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarini etiketkalash bo'yicha eng qat'iy qonunlardan birini qabul qilganligi sababli, barcha alkogolsiz ichimliklar qutilari va butilkalari, chiplar va boshqa qayta ishlangan oziq -ovqat paketlarida qora sakkiz qirrali yorliqlar bo'lishi kerak, ular "QANDAY QANDAR", #8220 EXCESS CALORIES ”, "EXTRESS SODIUM" yoki “EXCES TRANS FATS ” —, hammasini katta harflar bilan yozib bo'lmaydi. Ko'pgina shtatlar, shuningdek, chakana sotuvchilarga bolalarga arzimas oziq -ovqat va shakarli ichimliklar sotishni ancha qiyinlashtiradigan qonunni kiritdilar.

Boshqa mamlakatlardan olingan dalillar shuni ko'rsatadiki, ogohlantiruvchi belgilar samarali bo'lishi mumkin. Chili ularni 2016 yilda talab qila boshladi. Bundan tashqari, u oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarining multfilmlarini cheklab qo'ydi, maktablarning nosog'lom taomlarni sotishiga to'sqinlik qildi, televizion reklamalarni va reklama o'yinchoqlarini taqiqladi. Keyingi ikki yil ichida Chilida shirin ichimliklar savdosi 23 foizga tushib ketdi. Bir tadqiqotga ko'ra, teglar odamlarning nonushta uchun donli mahsulotlarini 11% va shirin sharbatlarni tanlash ehtimolini deyarli 24% ga kamaytirdi. Ta'sir qilingan kompaniyalar uchun dahshatli tush.

Chilidan qariyb etti barobar katta bo'lgan va Lotin Amerikasidagi boshqa mamlakatlarga qaraganda, qayta ishlangan oziq -ovqat iste'mol qiladigan Meksikada, shunga o'xshash narsa bo'lish ehtimoli, global oziq -ovqat va ichimlik kompaniyalari. Dunyoning eng yirik oziq -ovqat kompaniyalari joylashgan AQSh, Evropa Ittifoqi, Kanada va Shveytsariya yangi qonunni buzishga harakat qilishdi. Lekin foydasi bo'lmadi. Ayniqsa, uchta qo'shma kasalligi bo'lgan odamlar uchun o'lik ekanligi isbotlangan Covid-19ning kelishi-semirish, diabet va gipertenziya hukumat ishi va qarorini kuchaytirdi.

Meksikaning o'ndan ziyod 36 shtati hukumati bolalarga alkogolsiz ichimliklar va arzimas taomlarni sotishni taqiqlagan yoki taqiqlamoqda. Mexiko shahrida mahalliy hukumat bolalarga kaloriya va energiya miqdori yuqori bo'lgan qadoqlangan ovqatlar va shakarli ichimliklar sotish, etkazib berish va tarqatishni taqiqlovchi qonunni taklif qildi. Shuningdek, qonun maktablarda alkogolsiz ichimliklar sotiladigan avtomatlar bo'lishini taqiqlaydi.

Meksika Senati, shuningdek, yaqinda ta'lim muassasalarini sog'lom ovqatlanish punktlari tashkil etishni rag'batlantirish bilan birga, maktab muassasalari yaqinida ozuqaviy qiymati past va yuqori kaloriyali taomlarni sotishni taqiqlashga majburlaydigan qonunni qabul qildi. Shuningdek, bolalar telekanallarida yog ', tuz, shakar va to'yingan yog'lar ko'p bo'lgan oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarini reklama qilishni cheklash bo'yicha harakatlar mavjud.

Bu harakatlar hukumat o'z chegarasidan chiqib ketayotganidan xavotir uyg'otdi. Coparmex biznes -lobbi guruhining ta'kidlashicha, voyaga etmaganlarga arzimas oziq -ovqat va shirin ichimliklar sotishni taqiqlash tijorat erkinligi va tanlash erkinligiga to'g'ridan -to'g'ri hujumdir. Bu, shuningdek, chakana savdo sohasidagi korxonalar uchun jiddiy iqtisodiy oqibatlarga olib keladi.

Ammo bu oqibatlar keng tarqalgan semirishning iqtisodiy va sog'liqqa ta'siri bilan bog'liq. Jahon semirish federatsiyasi mart oyida e'lon qilgan hisobotga ko'ra, bu, ayniqsa, Kovid davrida, virusdan o'lim xavfi aholining yarmidan ko'pi ortiqcha vaznli mamlakatlarda taxminan 10 baravar yuqori. Ma'lumotlar shuni ko'rsatadiki, yoshi kasalxonaga yotqizish va Covid-19dan o'lim xavfiga ta'sir etuvchi asosiy omil bo'lsa-da, ortiqcha vazn ikkinchi o'rinni egallaydi.

1990 -yillarning boshlarida Meksika Qo'shma Shtatlari va Kanada bilan NAFTAga qo'shilganidan keyin semirish epidemiya darajasiga yetdi, bu esa qayta ishlangan oziq -ovqat mahsulotlarini yanada qulayroq qilish imkonini berdi. Ko'p odamlar, ayniqsa, kam daromadli odamlar, asosan, sog'lom an'anaviy mahsulotlarni (makkajo'xori tortilla, frijoles, Yamayka suvi) yuqori darajada qayta ishlangan alternativalar (hotdoglar, nuggetlar, gazlangan ichimliklar) bilan almashtirganda, dietalar tezda o'zgardi. Shakar iste'moli oshdi va bel qismi portladi. So'nggi 20 yil ichida semiz va ortiqcha vaznli odamlar soni uch barobar oshdi, hozirda aholining 75% ortiqcha vaznga ega.

Meksika, shuningdek, Covid-19 o'lim ko'rsatkichi bo'yicha oltinchi o'rinda turadi, bu esa hukumatni semizlikka qarshi urushni kuchaytirishga undadi. Ammo o'ta qayta ishlangan ovqatlar va shakarli ichimliklar ishlab chiqaradigan global korxonalar uchun bu urush ularning biznes modellariga jiddiy tahdid solishi mumkin, ayniqsa, agar boshqa mamlakatlar Meksika va Chilidan kitob olib tashlasalar.

Yaqinda Amerika nonvoylar assotsiatsiyasi (ABA) Meksikaning etiketkalash bo'yicha yangi qonunlari AQSh ishlab chiqaruvchilari Meksikaga oziq -ovqat va ichimliklar eksport qilishga urinayotgani haqida ogohlantirdi. Amerika Qo'shma Shtatlari Savdo Vakolatxonasi rahbari Ketrin Tayga yuborilgan maktubda lobbichilar guruhi Meksika hukumati fanga asoslanmagan va Kodeks Alimentari Komissiyasi ishiga mos kelmaydigan tartibga solish choralarini qo'llayotganidan shikoyat qilishdi. FAO/JSST oziq -ovqat standartlari qo'shma dasturini amalga oshirish bilan bog'liq barcha masalalar uchun mas'ul global organ. ABA, shuningdek, Meksikaning yangi markalash qonunlari USMCA, NAFTAning yangilangan shartnomasi, xususan, Meksika va 11 -bob (savdo uchun texnik to'siqlar) bo'yicha majburiyatlarini o'z ichiga olgan ba'zi qoidalarga zid kelishi mumkinligini ta'kidlaydi.

ABA va uning vakili bo'lgan kompaniyalar uchun muammo shundaki, inson salomatligi, xususan, parhez masalasi global pandemiya paytida ko'proq import va shoshilinchlikni talab qiladi. Yana nima, Meksika hukumati semizlikka qarshi kurashda yolg'iz emas. U juda kuchli ittifoqchilar tomonidan qo'llab -quvvatlanadi, jumladan Pan Amerika sog'liqni saqlash tashkiloti (PAHO), Jahon sog'liqni saqlash tashkilotining mintaqaviy bo'limi. Va PAHO, butun Amerika bo'ylab Meksikaning deyarli bir xil qadoqdagi ogohlantirish belgilaridan foydalanishga chaqirmoqda, bu semizlikka qarshi urush endigina boshlanganidan dalolat beradi. Bo'rilar ko'chasi uchun Nik Korbishli.

WOLF STREET ni o'qishni yoqtirasizmi va uni qo'llab -quvvatlamoqchimisiz? Reklama blokerlaridan foydalanish - men buning sababini tushunaman - lekin saytni qo'llab -quvvatlamoqchimisiz? Siz xayr -ehson qilishingiz mumkin. Men buni cheksiz qadrlayman. Pivo va muzli choy krujkasini bosing, qanday qilib:

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Sugary drink ban - New policy to be implemented in schools January 2019

Students across Jamaica will be forced to drink healthier beverages at school starting January 2019 as a result of a ban announced by Minister of Health Dr Christopher Tufton during his Sectoral Debate presentation in Parliament yesterday.

"Effective January 2019, the Government will implement a policy to restrict certain types of sugary drinks in schools. By sugary drinks, we mean beverages that contain sugar or syrup that is added by the manufacturer . . It does not include, Mr Speaker, 100 per cent juice or unsweetened milk," Tufton told the House of Representatives.

The health minister noted that there was evidence that excessive consumption of drinks with added sugar helped to generate non-communicable diseases. He argued that Jamaicans should be worried about the health of teenagers based on recent statistics.

"Approximately 70 per cent of Jamaican children consume one or more sugar-sweetened beverages per day," said Tufton. "The prevalence of obesity in adolescents 13 to 15 years increased by 68 per cent and doubled in boys over the past seven years," he added.

He advised that the education and health ministries would engage manufacturers and distributors in upcoming months to outline the policy guidelines ahead of implementation.

The proposed ban on sugary drinks also applies to public healthcare institutions, as Dr Tufton said that the Government needed to lead by example. The drink ban is nested in the Government's strategy to overhaul nutrition in schools, and the health minister outlined that a nutrition policy was being formalised and would govern what students consumed.

The health minister explained, "The school standards will focus not just on sugar, but on reducing the intake of saturated fats, cholesterol, sodium and sugar and increasing vegetable and fruit consumption."

He said that the policy was designed to complement the Jamaica Moves in Schools programme, which is set to be rolled out soon.


Why sugar should be banned from schools

In 1996, Yvonne Sanders-Butler suffered a stroke. A teacher from Georgia in the United States and a self-admitted over-eater, Sanders-Butler struggled with yo-yo diets for 26 years and the health scare inspired a health revolution both personally and for her community.

A primary school principal of a middle-class school, Sanders-Butler decided she was going to make a change for herself and her 1,000 students. Cookies and ice-cream were commonplace in the school and a typical breakfast was made up of donuts and soft drinks (or sugar-sweetened beverages, as referred to in scientific literature). 20% of students were overweight and just over 50% achieved a passing grade.

What was seen as a drastic action at the time, Sanders-Butler introduced new healthy eating initiatives, made an aggressive attack on processed sugar (she removed 90% of items from school menus) and students were not allowed to bring sugar into the school. Sanders-Butler recalls telling a grandmother carrying cupcakes for her granddaughter that she would not be allowed on school property with the treats.

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From Houston PBS, Yvonne Sanders Butler on establishing a sugar-free school

Over the years, the school has seen a 15% increase in math and reading scores, a 23% reduction in students having to be 'sent to the principal's office&rsquo and no instances of obesity among the student population. Sanders-Butler&rsquos school is an important case study, as a student&rsquos daily energy intake during school hours varies from 19% to 50%.

To fully understand Sanders-Butler and her school&rsquos success, we need to explore what we mean by the umbrella term &lsquosugar&rsquo. Sugar actually refers to a wide array of chemicals, ranging from plant based complex carbohydrates such as starch to simple, refined or processed sugars like fructose. The rule of thumb with how we define if a sugar is &lsquogood&rsquo or &lsquobad&rsquo is how it is broken down in the body.

Sugar is vital to numerous biological functions, yet simple sugars are broken down too quickly in the body, leading to the pancreas creating insulin to convert the excess to fat. What we are most used to in our daily lives is white crystal sugar. Composed of sucrose, it is a stable combination (disaccharide) of glucose and fructose. Sucrose is extracted from plants such as sugar cane or beet which is processed or refined (hence the name) into pure crystals.

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From RTÉ Radio 1's Weekend Show, home economist and lecturer Agnes Bouchier-Hayes on how much sugar is in our food and drinks.

The problem arises when we look at the overindulgence of refined sugars in modern diets. Stealthily present in many foods, levels of refined sugar consumption have tripled in the last 50 years. Indeed, the WHO refers to these sugars as 'free sugars' in that they are added by the manufacturer or users to food products. Modern research on sugar in schools has focussed on these free sugars and has shown the advantages of reducing one&rsquos consumption of sugar, with regard to oral hygiene and obesity.

But what is not yet crystal clear is the impact of refined sugar on behaviour in schools. A Norwegian study of 5,000 students found that 45% of boys and 21% of girls drank soda on a daily basis and high levels of soda consumption with associated with hyperactivity, misbehaviour, delinquency and even mental health problems. However, other studies counter this and argue that links between sugar consumption and cognitive behaviour is a myth, rooted in confirmation bias and social reinforcement.

Even with conflicting evidence around behaviour, the other proven advantages of reducing sugar has brought about a new trend of &lsquoSodabriety&rsquo in schools. As a 330ml can of cola contains 7.8 teaspoons of sugar, fizzy drinks are a quick and easy sugar fix and are most commonly consumed by teenagers.

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From RTÉ Radio 1's Morning Ireland, Dr Marian O'Reilly from Safefood on how the sugar content of some energy drinks has fallen, but bottles and cans are bigger

One school combatted the phenomenon by installing water dispensers beside vending machines to give students a healthy option. However, it seems that students will not automatically make the healthy choice as the innovation had zero impact on the consumption of fizzy drinks.

But what has proven beneficial is educational initiatives and culture changes in schools and the wider community. A decrease in free sugar consumption has been found in schools where students are taught about healthy eating, food production and even given cooking classes.

The positive results seen in Sanders-Bulter&rsquos school seem to be almost intuitive today, but other&rsquos still call it a myth. Sanders-Butler&rsquos actions were more than simple traditional health initiatives or a small-scale study on her school as her approach also brought in external stakeholders from the community. She visited local food suppliers and procured a list of &lsquoauthorised&rsquo vendors to shape the new school menu as well as encouraging staff members, teachers, parents and students with the initiative. It was an all or nothing approach.

Does what we eat as children affect our future health? The Brainstorm radio show @RTERadio1 Weds 10pm presented by @ellamcsweeney with guests @janasharrington @UCC @LizOSullivanPhD @WeAreTUDublin & Grace O'Malley @RCSI_Irl - video by @_LauraGaynor pic.twitter.com/0Z21XxoaNk

&mdash RTÉ Brainstorm (@RTEBrainstorm) August 25, 2020

Ireland is slowly following the healthy eating trends. Numerous guides and documents are available online from the HSE and SafeFood. Another key initiative is the Schools Meals Programme that provides funding towards food for disadvantaged children and DEIS schools. To maximise the impact of the scheme, mandatory nutritional standards with a specific focus on reducing simple sugars, salt and fat are available online.

Credit also needs to be given to teachers and principals in Ireland. Many readers will be acutely aware of what is and is not allowed in their child&rsquos school lunch. This will vary from school to school, but highlights the important changes that educators can bring about, often in their own time.

No matter where you stand on the issue, the anti-sugar and pro-health movement is gaining traction inside the school gates and beyond with the introduction of the sugar tax in 2018. Whether the behavioural and cognitive benefits for students are true or not, you can&rsquot argue with the health, dental and obesity advantages of a diet that is low in simple sugars. The important thing is that the government, schools and individuals are taking a stand. Hopefully, it's one that can provide lifelong benefits to all our population in the future.

The views expressed here are those of the author and do not represent or reflect the views of RTÉ


Soda Bans In Schools Don't Curb Student Consumption Of Sugary Drinks, Study Shows

Just banning soda from schools doesn't actually curb student consumption of sugary drinks, according to new research.

Access to and student purchasing of sugar-sweetened beverages in states that ban soda from schools and states that have no beverage policy is similar. In both soda-banning and no-policy states, nearly 67 percent of 8th graders said they have access to sugary beverages in school and almost 30 percent of those surveyed report purchasing sugary drinks. In states where soda is banned, schools and students simply replaced availability and consumption of sodas with other sugary drinks like sports and high-calorie fruit drinks.

The study, published in the November issue of the Archives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine, surveyed 5th and 8th grade students in public schools across 40 states.

In states that banned all sugar-sweetened beverages, 15 percent fewer students reported having access to sugary drinks in school, and 7 percent fewer reported purchasing those drinks at school. Still, it didn't change the students' out-of-school access or purchasing of those beverages, nor did it change overall consumption: Across soda-banning, no-policy and all-sugary-drinks-banning states, about 85 percent of students reported consuming sugar-sweetened beverages at least once in the last week.

"I think definitely the biggest message is that laws need to be comprehensive to have any positive effect at all," Daniel Taber, an author of the study and postdoctoral research associate at the University of Illinois at Chicago, told The New York Times. "The most unequivocal finding was that laws that focus on soda are just not getting it done. If you really want to create a healthier school environment, you need more comprehensive laws."

Over the last 25 years, American youth have consumed more sugar-sweetened beverages but haven't cut back on caloric intake from food. The phenomenon has been associated with youth obesity and weight gain, and more schools across the country are working to cut back on sugary drinks. The Institute of Medicine has recommended that all sugar-sweetened drinks be banned from schools, and schools from California to Massachusetts are considering banning, or have already banned, chocolate milk, citing its high sugar content.

"Our study adds to a growing body of literature that suggests that to be effective, school-based policy interventions need to be comprehensive," the study's authors write in their report. "States that only ban soda, while allowing other beverages with added caloric sweeteners, appear to be no more successful at reducing adolescents' sugar-sweetened beverage access and purchasing within school than states that take no action at all."

Also in an effort to comply with new school lunch guidelines required by the Healthy Hunger-Free Kids Act, the U.S. Department of Agriculture proposed in September to cut potatoes from school breakfasts and drastically reduce its availability in lunches. The Senate, however, voted last month to block the proposal to cut back on the starchy root vegetable.

While it's important to instill in students good nutritional habits while they're young, simply focusing on piecemeal policies in schools isn't going to be enough, Taber says.

"It suggests there have been positive changes to the school food environment overall, that schools are healthier," Taber told Reuters. "I wouldn't see this as a failure, it's just that that's not going to be enough. To reduce sweetened beverage consumption, and ultimately to reduce obesity, it's going to take more comprehensive policy initiatives."


Schools urged to ban high-caffeine, sugary energy drinks such as Red Bull

Energy drinks such as Red Bull and Lucozade cause major behavioural problems in children and should be banned from schools and possibly from sale to youngsters, says a government adviser.

John Vincent, co-founder of the Leon chain of restaurants who compiled the School Food Plan for the education secretary, Michael Gove, with his business partner, Henry Dimbleby, said children could become unteachable after several cans a day of the high-sugar, caffeinated drinks. "The short-term high is causing disruption to children's behaviour," said Vincent. If a ban were needed, he said, that is what they would support. "Our objective is to stop children drinking them," he added. "We're agnostic about the means."

The British Soft Drinks Association said: "High-caffeine energy drinks are not recommended in the UK for consumption by children." But Vincent claimed nothing was being done to prevent children buying them and said they were clearly the targets of marketing campaigns, which feature sports they admire.

A 500ml can of Red Bull contains about 13 teaspoons of sugar and the equivalent caffeine of two cups of coffee. Children get a brief high followed by a low.

Teachers have told Vincent that pupils' behaviour suffers and they are unable to learn. Some heads have already banned them.

Brian Lightman, general secretary of the Association of School and College Leaders, said many headteachers were very concerned. "Some secondary school-age children come into school having not had a proper breakfast and having started the day with one of these energy drinks. They are very hyperactive, they can't sit still and they can't concentrate. That can lead to disciplinary problems in the classroom. At the end of the day [when the effects have worn off] they are very fractious, very tired and unable to concentrate for that reason."

Some headteachers have banned the drinks from school, but children drink them before they arrive or sneak them in. There is a lack of awareness on their part and their parents of the effects.

Vincent and colleagues want to limit their sale. "As part of the School Food Plan, we are trying to bring manufacturers and headteachers and shops together to solve the problem," he said. "If that doesn't work, we can maybe investigate legal options."Lightman added: "The government needs to consider what action could be taken. Sometimes outright bans can have the opposite effect but it should be made extremely difficult for young people to have access to these drinks."

Photo: A 500ml can of Red Bull contains about 13 teaspoons of sugar and as much caffeine as two cups of coffee. Photograph: David Sillitoe for the Guardian


Videoni tomosha qiling: Har Tong 3 Qoshiqdan Iching Va Yoglarga Hayir Deyavering (Iyun 2022).


Izohlar:

  1. Bridger

    antukuklar bormi?

  2. Hewlett

    Men bu masalani tushunaman. Muhokama qilaylik.

  3. Febar

    Men cheklanganman, uzr so'rayman, lekin menga biroz ko'proq ma'lumot kerak.

  4. Breasal

    Remarkable topic



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